Preserving an Important Battleground

The iron discipline of the British army saved the day at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. It allowed the soldiers to fight through three lines of American troops and militiamen despite withering fire, and drive the Americans from the battlefield. But the cost was heavy: almost 530 soldiers killed, wounded and captured. That’s roughly a quarter of General Cornwallis’ 1,900-man army. The Americans had a force of about 4,400 soldiers and suffered about 330 casualties (killed, wounded and captured).