Next Generation Science Standards: Cross Cutting Concepts

NC Essential Science Standards - NGSS Science and Engineering Practices

NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas - NGSS Cross Cutting Concepts - STEM Rubric



PATTERNS

Observed patterns of forms and events guide organization and classification, and they prompt questions about relationships and the factors that influence them.

  • Explainer: Digging Dinos
  • Marvelous Music Machine
  • A New Perspective


CAUSE AND EFFECT

Mechanism and explanation. Events have causes, sometimes simple, sometimes multifaceted. A major activity of science is investigating and explaining causal relationships and the mechanisms by which they are mediated. Such mechanisms can then be tested across given contexts and used to predict and explain events in new contexts.

  • Explainer: Forecasting Storm Surge with Big Data
  • Explainer: Riding the Wind
  • Explainer: The Horse-Human Relationship
  • Explainer: Rapid Water Testing
  • The Air We Breathe
  • The Bone Lab
  • Leaping Lemurs
  • Dinosaur GPS
  • What A Pain!
  • Reef Life
  • Where In The World Is Ms. Palma?
  • New Fields For Food
  • Stop and Listen


SCALE, PROPORTION, AND QUANTITY

In considering phenomena, it is critical to recognize what is relevant at different measures of size, time, and energy and to recognize how changes in scale, proportion, or quantity affect a system’s structure or performance.

  • Explainer: Raincatchers
  • Mystery Dino
  • Brewing The Perfect Cup
  • Real Star Power


SYSTEMS AND SYSTEM MODELS
Defining the system under study—specifying its boundaries and making explicit a model of that system—provides tools for understanding and testing ideas that are applicable throughout science and engineering.

  • Explainer: Invasion of the Lionfish
  • Explainer: Gray Seal Tracking
  • Explainer: Fish Tagging
  • New Hope For Hemlocks
  • Secrets of Tidal Creeks
  • We All Live Downstream
  • Micro Organs
  • The Bee-utiful Bee
  • The Liver Takes It All
  • Life On The Rocks
  • Wondering About The Weather
  • Textile Trials
  • It Just Takes A Byte


ENERGY AND MATTER
Flows, cycles, and conservation. Tracking fluxes of energy and matter into, out of, and within systems helps one understand the systems’ possibilities and limitations.

  • Explainer: Art Under a New Wavelength
  • Explainer: Biochemistry of Beer
  • Power to the Pedal
  • Grave School Lessons
  • Small Creatures/Large Lessons
  • Acorns Count
  • Aquaponics: Farming For The Future
  • Oh Christmas Tree
  • Reinventing the Toilet
  • Seeking Sea Power


STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

The way in which an object or living thing is shaped and its substructure determine many of its properties and functions.

  • Explainer: Fruit Infusion
  • Explainer: Where the Wild Things Are
  • Explainer: Library of Plants
  • Explainer: A Model Fish
  • Explainer: The Snake Doctor
  • Explainer: Self-Healing Muscles
  • Explainer: Greening the Golf Course
  • The Great Migration
  • The Peanut Solution
  • Vaccine Hunters
  • New Use For Coal Ash
  • Super Fruit Science
  • Medical Metals
  • Just A Spoonful of Soybeans
  • Precision Medicine
  • Just Moving Along
  • Futuristic Fibers
  • Sensational Singing Mice
  • Cicada Secrets
  • A Model Foot


STABILITY AND CHANGE

For natural and built systems alike, conditions of stability and determinants of rates of change or evolution of a system are critical elements of study.

  • Science From The Bottom Of The World
  • Oh Shuck!
  • Real Dirt About Clay
  • Predict the Rip
  • A Long Look at Longevity
  • Tracing the Coastline
  • Here Comes the Sea
  • Shark Tagging


INFLUENCE OF SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNOLOGY ON SOCIETY AND THE NATURAL WORLD
New technologies can have deep impacts on society and the environment, including some that are not anticipated. Analysis of costs and benefits is a critical aspect of decisions about technology.

  • Explainer: The 99% Solution
  • Rethinking the Unthinkable

 


GSK