- Forces and Motion
PSc.1.1 — Understand motion in terms of speed, velocity, acceleration and momentum.
PSc.1.1.1 — Explain motion in terms of frame of reference, distance, and displacement.
PSc.1.1.2 — Compare speed, velocity, acceleration and momentum using investigations, graphing, scalar quantities and vector quantities
PSc.1.2 — Understand the relationship between forces and motion.
PSc.1.2.1 — Explain how gravitational force affects the weight of an object and the velocity of an object in freefall.
PSc.1.2.2 — Classify frictional forces into one of four types: static, sliding, rolling and fluid.
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PSc.1.2.3 — Explain forces using Newton’s three laws of motion.
- Matter: Properties and Change
PSc.2.1 — Understand types, properties and structure of matter.
PSc.2.1.1 — Classify matter as homogeneous or heterogeneous; pure substance or mixture; element or compound; metals, nonmetals or metalloids; solution, colloid or suspension.
PSc.2.1.2 — Explain the phases of matter and the physical changes that matter undergoes.
PSc.2.1.3 — Compare physical and chemical properties of various types of matter.
PSc.2.1.4 — Interpret the data presented in the Bohr model diagrams and dot diagrams for atoms and ions of elements 1 through 18.
PSc.2.2 — Understand chemical bonding and chemical interactions.
PSc.2.2.1 — Infer valence electrons, oxidation number, and reactivity of an element based on its location in the Periodic Table.
PSc.2.2.2 — Infer the type of chemical bond that occurs, whether covalent, ionic or metallic, in a given substance.
PSc.2.2.3 Predict chemical formulas and names for simple compounds based on knowledge of bond formation and naming conventions.
PSc.2.2.4 — Exemplify the law of conservation of mass by balancing chemical equations.
PSc.2.2.5 — Classify types of reactions such as synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement.
PSc.2.2.6 — Summarize the characteristics and interactions of acids and bases
PSc.2.3 — Understand the role of the nucleus in radiation and radioactivity.
PSc.2.3.1 — Compare nuclear reactions including: alpha decay, beta decay, and gamma decay; nuclear fusion and nuclear fission.
PSc.2.3.2 — Exemplify the radioactive decay of unstable nuclei using the concept of half-life.
- Energy: Conservation and Transfer
PSc.3.1 — Understand types of energy, conservation of energy and energy transfer.
PSc.3.1.1 — Explain thermal energy and its transfer.
PSc.3.1.2 — Explain the law of conservation of energy in a mechanical system in terms of kinetic energy, potential energy and heat.
PSc.3.1.3 — Explain work in terms of the relationship among the applied force to an object, the resulting displacement of the object, and the energy transferred to an object.
PSc.3.1.4 — Explain the relationship among work, power and simple machines both qualitatively and quantitatively.
PSc.3.2 — Understand the nature of waves.
PSc.3.2.1 — Explain the relationships among wave frequency, wave period, wave velocity, amplitude and wavelength through calculation and investigation.
PSc.3.2.2 — Compare waves (mechanical, electromagnetic and surface) using their characteristics.
PSc.3.2.3 — Classify waves as transverse or compressional (longitudinal).
PSc.3.2.4 — Illustrate the wave interactions of reflection, refraction, diffraction and interference
PSc.3.3 — Understand electricity and magnetism and their relationship.
PSc.3.3.1 — Summarize static and current electricity.
PSc.3.3.2 — Explain simple series and parallel DC circuits in terms of Ohm’s law.
PSc.3.3.3 — Explain how current is affected by changes in composition, length, temperature and diameter of wire.
PSc.3.3.4 — Explain magnetism in terms of domains, interactions of poles and magnetic fields.
PSc.3.3.5 — Explain the practical application of magnetism.
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