K-12 Engineering Connections Aligned with the STEM Rubric Principles

NC Essential Science Standards - NGSS Science and Engineering Practices

NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas
- NGSS Cross Cutting Concepts - STEM Rubric



ENGINEERING HABITS OF MIND

Professional Development

Collaboration (Teamwork)

Optimism

Communication

Creativity

Attention to Ethical Considerations

System Thinking


DESIGN PROCESS

Ask. Define the Problem, Criteria, Constraints, and Research.

Imagine. Develop Ideas.

Plan. Choose an approach.
Create, Model, Prototype, Test, and Communicate.

Improve, Redesign


SYSTEMS THINKING

A system is composed of parts that must be related

A system has boundaries
A system can be nested inside another system

A system can overlap with another system
A system can change with time
A system receives inputs and sends outputs
A system is designed to transform inputs into outputs


PROBLEM SOLVING

Optimization

Tradeoffs

Interdisciplinary Solutions






GSK