NC Essential Science Standards

NC Essential Science Standards - NGSS Science and Engineering Practices

NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas
- NGSS Cross Cutting Concepts - STEM Rubric


PHYSICAL SCIENCE


FORCES AND MOTION
Understand motion in terms of speed, velocity, acceleration and momentum

Understand the relationship between forces and motion


MATTER: PROPERTIES AND CHANGE
Understand types, properties and structure of Matter

Understand chemical bonding and chemical interactions

Understand the role of the nucleus in radiation and radioactivity

ENERGY: CONSERVATION AND TRANSFER
Understand the types of energy, conservation of energy and energy transfer

Understand the nature of waves

Understand electricity and magnetism and their relationship


BIOLOGY


STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LIVING ORGANISMS

Understand the relationship between the structure and function of cells and their organelles

Analyze the cell as a living system


ECOSYSTEMS
Analyze the interdependence of living organisms within their environment

Understand the impact of human activities on the environment (one generation affects the next)

EVOLUTION AND GENETICS

Explain how traits are determined by the structure and function of DNA
Understand how the environment and/or interaction of alleles influences the expression of genes

Understand the application of DNA technology

Explain the theory of evolution by natural selection for how species change over time

Analyze how classification systems are developed based upon speciation

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Understand how biological molecules are essential to the survival of living organisms

Analyze the relationships between biochemical processes and energy use in the cell.


CHEMISTRY


MATTER: PROPERTIES AND CHANGE
Analyze the structure of atoms and ions
Understand bond type, strength, and properties

Understand the physical and chemical properties of atoms in the periodic table

ENERGY: CONSERVATION AND TRANSFER
Understand the relationship among pressure, temperature, volume, and phase
Analyze chemical reactions in terms of quantities, product formation, and energy


INTERACTIONS OF ENERGY AND MATTER
Understand the factors affecting the rate of reaction and chemical equilibrium
Understand solutions and the solution process


PHYSICS


FORCES AND MOTION
Analyze the motion of objects
Analyze systems of forces and their interaction with matter
Analyze the motion of objects based on the principles of conservation of momentum, conservation of energy and impulse

ENERGY: CONSERVATION AND TRANSFER
Understand the concepts of work, energy, power, as well as the relationship among them
Analyze the behavior of waves

Analyze the nature of moving charges and electric circuits

INTERACTIONS OF ENERGY AND MATTER
Explain charges and electrostatic systems
Explain the concept of magnetism


EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE


EARTH IN THE UNIVERSE

Explain the Earth’s role as a body in space

EARTH SYSTEMS, STRUCTURES AND PROCESSES
Explain how process and forces affect the lithosphere

Understand how human influences impact the lithosphere
Explain the structure and processes within the hydrosphere

Evaluate how humans use water

Understand the structure and processes within our atmosphere

Analyze patterns of global climate change over time

Explain how the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere affect the biosphere

Evaluate human behaviors that ensure the ability to live sustainably on Earth






GSK